The PEOPLE of the State of New York, Respondent,

Felix RIVERA, Defendant-Appellant
Supreme Court, Appellate Division, First Department
77 A.D.2d 538 (1980)


 Judgment of conviction, after non-jury trial, Supreme Court, New York County rendered June 21, 1979, affirmed.  During a street altercation between members of two families, the Riveras and the Guadalupes, defendant Felix Rivera called to his brother Raul: "Get the gun!"  Raul ran to his own home and returned with a loaded weapon.  William Guadalupe advanced on Raul and Felix yelled to his brother to kill William.  Raul fired and William fell dead. Felix then indicated German Guadalupe [p. 539] and told Raul to shoot him.  The latter complied, wounding his victim.  Defendant was convicted only of possession of the weapon with intent to use it unlawfully against another (PL 265.03).  On this appeal, defendant raises claimed repugnance of the verdict, as well as absence of actual possession.  There was no repugnance evidence in the court's verdict which, acquitting defendant of homicide and assault counts, convicted of possession of the gun with intent to commit the assault of which acquitted.  The court, while engaging in some discussion with counsel at the close of the case, did not articulate the reasons for the verdict.  We cannot speculate why the court did not convict defendant-appellant of either the homicide or the assault count, whether it was because the evidence was not believed, or whether this was exercise of a prerogative to convict of a lesser crime because the victim "deserved what he got" a rough but not unknown form of justice.  There was no repugnance in this verdict, inconsistency perhaps, but that is always within the scope of authority of a trier of the fact. . . .

As to whether this defendant had possession of the weapon, as defined in PL 10.00(8), while it is true that brother Felix never had the gun in his hand, he had complete "dominion" and "control" over it, commanding brother Raul to get it and bring it and to pull the trigger.  Raul's act was that of Felix as though Felix had used his muscles instead of his voice and his will. Possession was in both and the requisite intent resided in the mind of each. See People v. Keitt, 42 N.Y.2d 926, 397 N.Y.S.2d 997, 336 N.E.2d 1350. . . .

 All concur except KUPFERMAN and YESAWICH, JJ., who concur in the result only.